Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ina Schieferdecker is heading the Competence Center SQC (Systems Quality Center) at Fraunhofer FOKUS Berlin and is Professor on Model-Driven Engineering and Quality Assurance at Freie Universität Berlin. She also started the ICT for Smart Cities Initiative at FOKUS and is responsible for the technical coordination of the Open Data portals for Berlin and Germany.
Olivier Amar is CEO and Co-Founder of MyPermissions. A long time Internet marketing professional, he previously served as Vice President of Online Marketing and Digital at Get Taxi, and prior to that, as Chief Marketing Officer for UFXbank and UFXmarkets, where he grew revenue by over 300%. Amar has also led marketing and SEO initiatives for Harrah’s Hotels and Casinos and the World Series of Poker, as well as companies such as EL AL airlines, AIG insurance, Microsoft (Redmond) and many others. He lives in Israel and holds a BBA in Marketing from Bishop’s University in Quebec, Canada.
App Developers: Build Trust & Transparency with Personal User Data
The use of applications on the Web and on mobile has become pervasive, and in order to deliver the best experience to the end user possible, many of these applications require accessing their users’ data – such as address book contacts, media and photos, browsing and search history and location data, and even financial data and employment history. We’ve all become fairly accustomed to granting apps access to this data in exchange for usability and convenience. But to what end? ISO certification and adherence to management systems standards are commonplace in business, especially for those working in risk management, security and other services. However, there are over 700K applications on both the Android and iOS market, and rough privacy guidelines for developers to follow at best. There is simply no real way for an end user to know whether or not they should trust an application or the developer to use their data securely and ethically.
Olivier Amar, loves the Internet and the experience that a good application can provide by accessing your data. But with years of experience in online performance marketing for companies like AIG, WSOP, Harrahs, ElAl, GetTaxi and Toyga Financial, he understands how exposed our personal information is apps and in the cloud, and how breaches of trust that can occur when we ignorantly trust a developer with our private information. In this presentation, he would like to share his vision for a better, safer future for app users on the Web, where we can openly share and connect without fear of losing our privacy, and an ecosystem where developers can prove their trustworthiness to new and existing users. Mr. Amar is making a call for a new set of standards in application development and user privacy, and will share best practices for building an app ecosystem that is transparent, secure and safe without losing the functionality or experience that comes with revealing personal data to these developers.
After graduating in Geography at the University of Hannover 1998 and receiving an additional education as GIS-Specialist, Lars Behrens worked for 9 years in the mapping industry at the leading provider of digital maps TomTom (formerly known as TeleAtlas). He first served as a customer support for business customers offering location based services and then helped building up the database for the navigation map of Germany. Since 2010 he is a Project Manager in the German GeoBusiness Commission installed by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology working on standardization of data policies, bringing together the different actors from politics, economy and administration and creating business friendly conditions for the spatial data sector.
“GeoLicence” – the roadmap to reliable licensing of data [DOWNLOAD]
The “German GeoBusiness Commission” (GGC) is targeting on the standardization of data policies to ease the access and licensing of products within the context of geodata. Due to the existing diversity in licensing and pricing models established by the different administrative units, the market – especially small and medium sized enterprises – is not yet kicking off reflecting the potential to be expected. The simple reason: too much effort and costs and too less transparency of the legal framework. Moreover, the current growing OpenData ecosystem can easy the public access to data but especially miss the necessary reliability needed within business models. Based on the philosophy of Open Data and Creative Commons, the GGC has therefore worked out a click-licence that allows simple, fast and broad rights of use –the easy to use, easy to understand and easy to sign “GeoLicence”. In 2012, the new “GeoLicence” was tested successfully in a pilot project in Germany with over 20 different participants from provider and user side including administrative bodies, universities and companies. In 2013, the webapp www.geolizenz.org will be released and can be used in a first step for all free of charge geodata products. Once all potential users have access to this new click-licensing, it will be much easier to use even other parts of public sector information not only for everyday use of citizens but also for commercial purposes.
Jan-Ole Beyer is a Manager for Open Government and Open Government Data at the Federal Ministry of the Interior where he has been working since 2009. After receiving his degree in computer science (focusing on computer science and society) from the Technische Universität Berlin in 2006, Jan-Ole Beyer worked as a corporate consultant and project manager for the public sector.
GovData – the first nine months of the German cross-level Open Data Portal
The Internet and the related information and communication technologies created new forms of communication and collaboration: knowledge, ideas and decisions can be worked out together regardless of place and time. This development causes a social change that policy and administration will have to follow. In Germany, numerous decision-makers at the federal, state and local level, as well as representatives of civil society have set a greater opening up of politics and government as a goal. In 2010 the modernization project “Open Government” was initiated as part of the government programme “Network-based and Transparent Administration”. Complementary to this federal programme, Open Government is also a cross-level priority project, established by the so called “National E-Government Strategy” between the federal level and the states. As part of these projects, the Federal Ministry of the Interior published the study “Open Government Data Deutschland” in August 2012. It discusses all essential questions on Open Government Data in Germany from a legal, organisational and technical point of view. Based on the study, “GovData – the data portal for Germany” was implemented as a prototype and launched in February 2013. Part of the implementation was the development of a national meta data structure for open data and the “Datenlizenz Deutschland”, the German Data License. In the presentation, I will give an overview over the first nine months of GovData, our lessons learned and our next steps.
Gerd Buziek holds a managing position as Director of Communications and Public Affairs at Esri Deutschland Group GmbH, Kranzberg, Germany. After leading positions in business development and marketing at Esri, he is since 2011 responsible for the positioning of Esri Deutschland Group and its companies in governmental bodies, political parties, scientific institutions, and enterprises. He is with Esri Deutschland since 2004. During this time he was involved in research projects like the EU-funded EuroGeoNames or GDI-Grid of BMFT, too. Buziek started his career in the GeoInformationSystems (GIS) industry at a Siemens company in 2000. Buziek has a strong academic background in geodesy, with emphasis on cartography, communication, and cognition. He helds a doctorate degree, an academic teaching license for cartography and geoinformatics, and serves as professor by honor at the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany. Buziek’s volountary commitment is for both, the executive board of the German Umbrella Organization for Geoinformation (DDGI e. V.), and the supervisory board of the Jade University for Applied Sciences in Oldenburg/Wilhelmshaven/Elsfleth.
Open Data and Geoinformation Systems
It is well known, that more than 80 % of data are somehow related to space. This spatial relationship requires specific tools and methods for data management, processing, analyzing, visualizing, and communication. GIS as a platform opens a whole new world to get value out of open (space related) data. To discuss this, a brief introduction into the current state of GIS is given, followed by examples how open data could be accessed and used for GIS operations. Last, but not least, the value add of open data to GIS applications is discussed.
Vasily Bunakov is a Researcher in the Scientific Computing Department of STFC (Science and Technology Facilities Council), United Kingdom. He earlier worked in the IT and research departments of High Energy Physics laboratories in Russia and Switzerland, and for the London branch of Deutsche Bank. His current research interests are focussed on digital preservation and Linked Open Data.
Open It Right: What is wrong about Open Data and what we can do about it [DOWNLOAD]
There is a steady growth of Open Data published by national and local governments, research and cultural heritage institutions and other public bodies with the tendency to consider all sorts of data produced for public money and under public law the converged PSI (Public Sector Information). Numerous national, regional and domain-specific initiatives of publishing PSI as Open Data present a good opportunity for the collaborative development of a common Reference Architecture with beneficiaries across data publishers, IT sector, business, and policy makers. This multilateral effort may constitute a subject of the European project in Horizon 2020 programme that is about to start. The talk will focus on some driving forces and features of this potential project, and will invite for further discussions.
Carl-Christian Buhr, Member of the Cabinet of Ms Neelie Kroes, European Commission Vice-President for the Digital Agenda
Dr. Buhr, an economist and computer scientist, is since 2010 member of the cabinet of Neelie Kroes, the European Commission Vice-President and Digital Agenda Commissioner. He advises her on ICT research policy, Open Access to scientific information and e-infrastructures, ICT standardisation, interoperability and related topics. In his previous job in the Commission he dealt with antitrust and merger control investigations, for example the Microsoft antitrust case and the Oracle/Sun Microsystems merger.
Opening up government and research data: Making the economic case in Europe [DOWNLOAD]
The open data debate has succeeded in bringing together previously disparate communities pursuing very similar goals with different means and for different reasons. For example the debate on the public sector monetising its informational holdings to contribute to public budgets under pressure – and on how to best achieve this. Or the debate on citizens’ rights to access to information about the workings of public bodies. Or the debate on truth and replicability of research results. Each strand can present powerful arguments for openness and all of them are regularly employed by the European Commission. However, the economic argument has a special appeal in times of crisis and a need for innovation. The talk will therefore focus on this side of the argument and spell out the reasoning behind recent European policy developments such as the update to the EU-Directive on the re-use of public sector information as well as the obligation for creators to provide open access to the results of all EU-funded research.
Dr. Mathieu d’Aquin is a research fellow at the Knowledge Media Institute of the Open University (UK). He is an expert in technology development in the area of knowledge engineering, Linked Data and the Semantic Web, where most of his research is carried out. Mathieu is also at the forefront of the current trend on using such technologies, and especially the web of data, for educational purposes. He has been leading the development of data.open.ac.uk, the world first university-based Linked Data platform. He is now engaging with many of the actors of the education (ICT) world to foster the potential of such approaches to data exchange and interlinking in the context of higher education. Examples of this include the linkeduniversities.org community portal, Mathieu’s involvement as a key member of the LinkedUp European Support Action (http://linkedup-project.eu) and the organisation of the renowned Semantic Web Summer School (http://sssw.org).
Open Web Data for Education – Linked Data technologies for connecting open educational data
Educational institutions produce a lot of data. Much of these data is or could be publicly available, either because they are useful to communicate (e.g., the course catalogue) or because of external policies (e.g., reports to funding bodies). The point of open data for education is therefore easy to make and many educational institutions are starting initiatives in this direction. In this tutorial, we aim at demonstrating how state of the art technologies for Web data, especially Linked Data, can help making this process efficient in bringing the benefit of open data into education. A special focus is put on the usage and consumption of such data: how the availability of large scale, interlinked data resources on the Web can lead to the development of a new type of services in the more and more globalised education environment. Concretely, this will be achieved through introducing the basis of Linked Data technologies, as well as through numerous examples of concrete deployment of these technologies for open educational data and their usage. In particular, approaches to the release and transformation of data from educational systems will be investigated in detail. Also, much focus will be given to the mechanisms to be applied to these data, from simple visualisation techniques, to addressing the full process of learning analytics.
Panel: Open Data in Energy Industry (European perspective) [DOWNLOAD]
Daniel Dietrich is the Chairman of the German Chapter of the Open Knowledge Foundation. His is interested in emancipation and empowerment through open knowledge to make the world a better place. He is author of several studies on the political, technical and legal aspects of open data, open government and transparency. From 2011 to 2013 he worked as editor of the European Commission funded platform on public sector information, the ePSIplatform.eu. Until 2011 he worked as a research associate at Technical University Berlin, Department of Internet and Society. Before 2011 he worked several years as project manager & consultant in the IT business. More Information on www.ddie.me
Open Geodata in Germany
Geodata is in high demand and more and more geodata is becoming available as open data free of charge for both commercial and no-commercial reuse. This talk will explain the state of play on availability and reuse of geodata in Germany. It will look into policies such as the “Geodatennutzungsverordnung” and other attempts to license geodata, such as the “Geolizenz”. It will also look at the availability of Geodata via data portals such as www.govdata.de or www.geodatenzentrum.de or www.geoportal.de and conclude with some recommendations on what should be done to harmonize demand and supply to fuel the reuse of geodata in Germany.
Stefan Dietze is a research group leader at the L3S Research Center of the Leibniz University Hannover (Germany). He holds a Ph.D. (Dr. rer. nat.) in Applied Computer Science from Potsdam University and previously held research positions at the Knowledge Media Institute (KMI) of The Open University (UK) and the Fraunhofer Institute for Software and Systems Engineering (Berlin, Germany). His main research interests are in Semantic Web and Linked Data technologies and their application to Web data integration problems in domains such as education or Web archiving. Stefan currently is coordinator of the EU-funded projects LinkedUp (http://linkedup-project.eu) and DuraArK (http://www.duraark.eu) and he has been involved in leading roles in numerous EU R&D projects, such as LUISA, NoTube, ARCOMEM or mEducator. Furthermore, he is co-founder of the Linked Learning workshop series and of the community platform Linked Education (http://linkededucation.org). Stefan’s work has been published throughout major conferences and journals in areas such as Semantic Web, Linked Data, Services-oriented Systems and Technology-enhanced Learning and he is reviewer, organizer and committee member for numerous scientific events and publications.
Linked Open Data for Education – the case of LinkedUp [DOWNLOAD]
The emerging Web of Data has produced a vast body of knowledge, containing data of explicit educational nature, as well as vast amounts of resources, for instance, from libraries, museums or encyclopedias, which are not explicitly targeted at educational purposes yet are increasingly being used in such contexts. Building on earlier initiatives, such as linkededucation.org or linkeduniversities.org, the EU-funded project LinkedUp (http://linkedup-project.eu) pushes forward the exploitation and adoption of public, open data available on the Web, in particular by educational organisations. LinkedUp conducts activities, including the establishment of the LinkedUp Challenge (http://linkedup-challenge.org) and a corresponding evaluation framework. The latter will provide a general framework for evaluating all aspects of open Web data-driven applications. These are aimed at identifying and promoting innovative success stories which exploit large-scale Web data in educational scenarios as part of robust applications and tools. Additional dataset curation activities are resulting in a repository and catalog of well-described and assessed datasets (see http://datahub.io/group/linked-education & http://data.linkededucation.org/linkedup/catalog/) and will support interested data consumers and application developers. In addition, suitable use cases are being collected by the LinkedUp consortium and associated organisations, including representatives of renowned industrial, academic and higher education institutions such as Elsevier, the BBC, or the Commonwealth of Learning. The presentation will introduce a brief history of Linked Data in education and provide a throrough overview of the above outcomes and more recent advancements which will be available by this date. The latter will include, for instance, a first overview of results from the first competition (Veni Competition) of the LinkedUp Challenge and the latest breaking results from the LinkedUp data curation, assessing and cataloging activities.
Thore Fechner is a Dual-Track PhD student at the con terra – Gesellschaft für Angewandte Informationstechnologie mbH and the Institute for Geoinformatics (ifgi), which are both located in Münster, Germany. He is a software engineer working on Spatial Data Infrastructures and eGovernment projects. At ifgi he is a member of the Situated Computing Lab, which is dealing with the design and evaluation of (mobile) human computer interactions for citizen participation, Open Data and privacy. He can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Geospatial Open Data – bridging the gap between provision and use through the cloud-based GIS platform ArcGIS Online [DOWNLOAD]
Open Government is one of the leading paradigms with which to modernize administrations within Germany and Europe. This paradigm implies the notion of more transparency and enabling participation, as well as collaboration between administrations, citizens and science through Open Data. While the provision of the data is underway, approaches to utilize the opened data sets are sparse. ArcGis Online (AGOL) is a cloud based platform for hosting and managing geodata and geoweb services with a growing community of users capable of integrating a variety of different data sources. We created an “Open Data Bridge” which is capable of harvesting CKAN and CSW based catalogues in order to publish them to AGOL. By adding or registering the data within AGOL, users are now capable of creating Web Maps and Applications amalgamating different Open Data sources or existing content in an intuitive visual way. Created Web Maps can be made accessible directly via a multiple channels like blogs or social networks optimized for a variety of devices. In remixing and mapping the available data, its inherent value is exposed and made publicly available – extending the outreach of Open Data while facilitating its usage.
Kai Gildhorn founded the webservice www.mundraub.org in 2009 as a usergenerated tool for crowdsourcing fruits and other edibles in public space. Since then a few hundred thousand users have visited and partly contributed data to it. The company is running a project with 15 municipalities to collect tree data and to involve citizens in maintaining and replanting public trees. The project is funded by Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU). Mundraub.org is increasingly working with councils – first cooperations are initiated with counties from Bavaria and Niedersachsen.
mundraub.org – a charming tool for publishing open tree data and involvement of local communities
There are a few hundred thousand public fruit trees in Germany. Most of them are old and about to vanish as replanting and maintaining them is too costly for local governments. Still – the experience of free food in public is extremely appealing to local communities. This can be prooved by the stunning success of mundraub.org. Publishing governmental tree data can positively affect the perception of counties and towns to locals and visitors. It is a giving gesture of the authorities and involves people and companies. It is encouraging to give private persons and companies the chance to comment on public trees, by offering them sponsorships for maintaining or replanting them etc. Mundraub.org can become a door opener to local governments to convince them of the benefits of open gov data.
Yuri Glickman is a project manager at Fraunhofer FOKUS. His technical and research background covers SOA, model driven software engineering, design, prototyping and testing of distributed systems. He was/is actively contributing and leading technical activities in numerous European and national research projects, and in research projects in collaboration with Japanese industry (Hitachi, NTT Data). Yuri is working in the field of open service engineering with focus on open data management platforms and cloud computing. He is the project manager of FP7 projects “OCEAN – Open Cloud for Europe, Japan and beyond” and “Policy Compass”.
Openning city infrastructure through iCity Platform
Fraunhofer, Cisco, Abertis and city councils of London, Barcelona, Genova and Bologna are working in the iCity project (full name: Linked Open Apps Ecosystem to open up innovation in smart cities) aims at making a step forward in the co-creation of services of public interest by third parties (developers, small and medium enterprises,…) to develop and deploy an approach to allow interested parties to create, deploy, operate and exploit services based in the use of available public information, digital assets and infrastructures in cities. This represents a shift in the governance of cities and the concept upon which traditional public service delivery has been based. The iCity project vision makes a step further on the concept of Open Data offering a novel approach of Open Infrastructures where the municipal ICT networks already deployed in urban spaces will be made available and accessible to the general public with the objective of maximizing the number of deployed services of public interest. The services to be finally deployed will be developed by interested third parties who will be given access to public information and infrastructures through a shared technological platform integrated in the four participant cities (Barcelona, Bologna, Genova and London): the iCity platform.
Jan Dudda, Thomas Brenner and Marcel Engel are students, studying business at the University of Applied Sciences Aschaffenburg. In their past semester they specialized on information and process management and did a study, mandated by the Fraunhofer Fokus Institute and supported by professor Georg Rainer Hofmann, concerning the reception of the German government data portal (govdata.de).
Reception of GovData Portal [DOWNLOAD]
The goal to reach within the study was to give recommendations, which address the various critiques expressed in the social economic surrounding of the German GovData portal. In the first part of our approach it was necessary, to analyze all groups participating in the discussion about Government Data and to detect their official position in the discussion by doing web research and interviews with national and international partners. In the second part we constructed concrete recommendation, answering the analyzed critiques and checking them for feasibility. In our presentation we want to do a short reflection of our approach and show some of our recommendations and their possible influence on the future of the German government data portal.
Johann Höchtl graduated from University of Vienna and Vienna University of Technology in business informatics. He is research fellow at Danube University Krems, Center for E-Government where he is the coordinator of the e-government MSc-programme and director of IT-Governance and Strategy. His research projects include EU-funded FP7 security projects and national grants in the domain of social media application in administration. He is former member of OASIS SET TC standardisation group and advisor to the Cooperation Open Government Data Austria. His current research focus is in the topic of e-Participation, Open Data, the semantic web and Web 2.0.
Ex-ante evaluation of the implementation of the Open Government strategy of the city of Vienna
In 2010 the City of Vienna and committed itself to an new era of policy making, largely influenced by open government principles. Earlier attempts by the Vienna government to capture public meaning like social media sentiments and digital agenda setting where focused in a newly erected virtual competence centre, analysed, and formulated into an open government strategy. With Information as the founding pillar of communication at an equal eye level, Vienna was the first official Austrian government body to release their data according to open data principles. The centre for E-Governance at Danube University Krems / Austria was appointed by the city of Vienna to evaluate the open government data aspect, embedded within the open government strategy in multiple dimensions as effort, value for money, organisational change and to propose changes to the strategy. The report gives and in-detail analysis of this assessment which has been carried out by desk research, content analysis, stakeholder analysis both of external stakeholders (citizens, journalists, business representatives), as well as public officials, using qualitative interviews. The conclusions drawn are supported by extensive literature review and EU agenda setting.
Michael Hörz is a Berlin-based freelance journalist involved in open data since 2010. He lectures on Open Data at the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft (HTW) Berlin, co-organizes the Berlin Open Data Day and is a team member of the freedom of information portal fragdenstaat.de. Mr. Hörz acted as a lead researcher for several countries of the Open Data Barometer 2013 (World Wide Web Foundation). His work focuses on telling stories with data and on internet culture. Michael Hörz also trains journalists on how to work with data. Before turning a freelancer, he served as an online editor for the Berlin daily Der Tagesspiegel and the public broadcaster Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg. Mr. Hörz holds Master’s degree in Political Science from the University of Leipzig.
Teaching Open Data – Practical Observations [DOWNLOAD]
A number of European countries are following the examples of the USA and Great Britain and are providing Open Data on a national level as well as provinces and cities. Yet knowledge on Open Data and on how to use them is still restricted to specialists. The Open Data Barometer showed that high-level training is not available at all in some countries or is only limited to a few major cities. Also dedicated university courses on Open Data are quite rare, putting a syllabus together proved as a pioneer job for the presenter. The presentation will focus on practical observations from teaching open data to university students as well as professionals.
Christian Jacob was project leader of “netzdaten-berlin.de”, the Open Data pilot plattform of the Power Grid Operator in Berlin, Stromnetz Berlin. He is currently a Specialist for Business Administration at Vattenfall Netzservice. Before that, he was in the management board office and project management at Vattenfall Distribution, where he has carried out several projects, e. g. for Internet/Intranet and Digital Signage. Before that, he was a full-time project member in a company reorganization project and he was responsible for project coordination and the subproject Human Resources within Distribution.
Panel: Open Data in Energy Industry (Business perspective) [DOWNLOAD]
Retrospect, Experiences, Lessons Learnend of One Year Open Data and Outlook on Upcoming Activies. In December 2012, Stromnetz Berlin and Fraunhofer FOKUS launched the Open Data Portal netzdaten-berlin.de. At the presentation our experience with “Open Data” will be described from a business perspective and an overview of the activities is given.Since then, in 2013, many activities have taken place
- Expert Workshop on Energy Data in Berlin.
- Publishing (Harvest) the power grid data into Berlin Open Data Portal.
- Publication of the live data of the Berlin districts as a web service.
- Energy Hackday (energyhack.de) where some exciting applications have been created.
Julia Kloiber is currently a Project Manager for the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN) in Berlin. After her Bachelor of Arts in Information Design at University of Applied Sciences Joanneum in Graz/Austria she received her masters degree in New Media and Digital Culture from the Utrecht University, Netherlands. Julia Kloiber wrote her master’s thesis about Open Governmant Data, the title being „Open Governmant Data – Between political transparency and business development“ [original title in German: „Open Government Data – Zwischen politischer Transparenz und Wirtschaftsförderung“]. Previous to her job at the OKFN she worked in political campaigning and multimedia production (PLATOON Cultural Development Berlin, Netzpolitik,org).
Panel: Open Data in Energy Industry (Open Knowledge perspective)
Tomas Knap, Ph.D., is a research assistant at Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, XML and Web engineering research group. His area involves Trustworthiness of Linked Data, Linked Data management.
ETL tool for RDF data [DOWNLOAD]
The emergence of Linked Data allows data consumers to integrate and mashup data at a large scale. The amount of data, however, brings certain difficulties when using Linked Data in the business scenarios where certain levels of data quality and trustworthiness is needed. We present an ETL tool for providing trustworthy RDF/Linked Data, which allows to integrate data coming from various sources while tracking provenance and assessing various data quality metrics. Such tool might be used by open data portals to further populate and integrate the data available as open data. The tool is also useful in enterprise environment where certain data marts are needed for further data analyses. The presentation will include demonstration of the working ETL tool, so that the audience can get the idea of the tool’s features.
Knud is an experienced Linked Data and Semantic Web practitioner, researcher and consultant. He believes that linked and open data will change and improve the way we live and work, and he is passionate about designing and building systems that will make this happen, and teaching others to do this as well. Knud has been involved with semantics, data and the Web since 2003, when early experiments with a technology called Topic Maps lead him to do a PhD at the newly founded Digital Enterprise Research Institute (DERI) in Galway, Ireland, now one of the leading research centres for Linked Data and the Semantic Web. As a technical consultant at Talis Systems, he has helped clients in the government, library and cultural sector to open, model and publish their data, and taught classes on different levels on a range of Web data-related topics, such as graph models like RDF, data and domain modelling, basic and advanced querying with SPARQL, etc. Knud now works as a freelance Web Data consultant in Berlin.
An Open Dataset and API for Improving Geographical Annotation and Finding of Public Sector Information [DOWNLOAD]
The Open Data movement in Germany is slowly taking up pace, with several regional data portals (the first one was launched in 2011 in Berlin) now making public sector information (PSI) available to the general public for reuse. Initially, these portals were local, and mostly isolated initiatives. With the launch of the federal German Open Data portal in early 2013, the data from each of these sources is now being harvested into the federal portal, where they come together to form a Germany-wide pool of data. This new scenario brings a lot of potential for greater visibility and integration, but it also brings new problems. Seen in the much larger context of the federal portal, the individual datasets are now less prominent and therefore harder to find. The vast majority of PSI datasets have a geographical component, making geographical reference an important enabler for relating, grouping and eventually browsing and searching for such data. The “Amtlicher Gemeindeschlüssel” (AGS) is the official code hierarchy for identifying particular geographical entities in Germany. While very useful for giving geo-context to most datasets, it is not always used in the same way. E.g., city states such as Hamburg and Berlin have no subdivisions with the AGS, but instead use a different system to identify districts and similar divisions. Also, there are datasets from other domains that do not use the AGS at all, but a different system altogether. In this talk, we will present an Open Dataset that provides stable and precise identifiers which are rooted in the AGS, but also integrates other geographical hierarchies and reference systems, using linked data principles. This dataset builds the basis for a prototypical API and service that allows data providers to annotate their datasets with these identifiers, while at the same time allowing data consumers to find these datasets, using any of the integrated geographical reference systems as an entry point.
Lena-Sophie Müller studied political science in Sydney (Australia) and Potsdam where she received her degree in 2009. Since 2008 she is a scientist at the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication System (FOKUS) in Berlin at the Competence Center Electronic Government and Applications. Here she has been part of numerous e-government projects with industry and public administration, focusing on the trend of Open Government. Since 2010 Lena-Sophie Müller is also responsible for the Center for Interoperability at the Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS.
Integrating Open Data in Open Government Solutions
With modern Web 2.0 technologies social collaboration platforms like Liquid Democracy, crowd sourcing and open databases are becoming a driving force of social and urban changes. So far, these concepts are mostly standalone solutions. Fraunhofer FOKUS shows how these concepts and tools can work together. They contribute to a modern civil society and revolutionize the daily business of government and administration. The demonstrator of Fraunhofer FOKUS presents the technical aspects and the content aspects of „collaboration, participation and transparency.” In the reporting system designed at FOKUS, current concerns of citizens are set and collected via mobile devices and Web portals. Citizens can track the messages status for their community online. For decision-makers the messages are processed in an information cockpit. In case of thematic and geographic clusters of messages, a discussion and decision forum could be established. Concerned citizens can discuss solutions and develop decision papers. As an example, the liquid feedback system is connected to the reporting system of the city. For a thorough discussion on the basis of existing data, open data bases are being linked and searched for related information. Results in the discussion and decisionmaking process will be reported and made transparent. Citizens are informed about the success of their cooperation.
Andreas Nold has worked for SAS Institute GmbH since 2005. SAS is the international market leader in business analytics and advanced analytics. Mr. Nold is responsible for public sector business development at SAS, a position that allows him to serve as an exchange between his firm and its international public sector clientele. He is able to bring experience and expertise garnered abroad back into the German market. Before SAS, Mr. Nold was employed by Optimal Systems GmbH, a software company providing enterprise content management solutions for public services and the healthcare industry. Mr. Nold studied public administration and politics at Universität Konstanz.
Bigger value for Big Data Analytics with the Open Data
From analyzing the opinions of voters in Heidelberg to changing the way mobile consumers shop in the UK, big data analytics continues to prove its value to the world. Indeed, the opportunity to be disruptive with data has never been greater. Industry-changing dynamics like mobility, smart products, social media and embedded computing are ushering in new businesses and improved public services. But how do organizations move from the mass chaos of new and old data streams to developing new products and services? The clear answer is analytics. It is only when organizations move from storing data to managing and analyzing their information that new and innovative uses of the data can be realized.
Olga Parkhimovich is a PhD student at the St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO), Russia. her focus lies on open government data, Open Gov and Semantic Web.
Methodology development of open government’s budget data ontology [DOWNLOAD]
The steps of ontology development of open government’s data ontology are presented on the basis of St. Petersburg budget expenditure. The justification of the necessity of development of the open government data subject and St. Petersburg budget ontology creation is executed.
Arnold Picot is head of the Research Center for Information, Organization and Management at the Munich School of Management of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich (LMU), Germany. His research focuses on the interdependencies between information and communication technologies and structures of organizations and markets. Among others, he has taught at Stanford University, the Technical University of Munich, the University of Hannover, Georgetown University, and the University of Strasbourg. He also holds several editorial positions and is the chairman of the Center for Digital Technology and Management and a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. For various institutions he also serves as chairman or member of advisory boards including the Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur), Fraunhofer Fokus and the Münchner Kreis – Supranational Association for Communications Research.
From Open Data to Big Data – Opportunities and Challenges from a Business Perspective [DOWNLOAD]
Big Data is currently one of the leading ICT-trends. Online giants like Facebook, Google and Amazon are racing ahead, analyzing online activity of users and customers matching it with vast amounts of related user- and product data in real-time allowing for customized advertisements and product suggestions. In an increasingly digital world large amounts of data are generated in nearly every sector, from the manufacturing-, trade-, finance- and energy industry to the telecommunication-, media-, healthcare and public sector. Thereby Big Data is far more than the sole processing of large data sets. Leveraging automated algorithms and dynamic analytics Big Data generates new information and insights from heterogeneous data sources facilitating data driven decision making, improved products and services and the development of entirely new business segments. Since the idea of Open Data largely shares characteristics with the concept of Big Data, several overarching opportunities and challenges can be identified.
Konrad Reiche, Fraunhofer FOKUS
Konrad Reiche is a graduate student at Freie Universität Berlin where he is pursuing a Master’s degree in Computer Science. As a working student at Fraunhofer FOKUS he is responsible for the metadata management of GovData.de, the data portal for Germany. For his Master’s thesis he researched on metadata quality of open data. He has a very strong interest in designing and implementing sustainable applications that merit function and users ability to be productive.
Assessment and Visualization of Metadata Quality for Open Government Data
The technical tool for implementing open data infrastructure are repositories. Repositories facilitate the collection, publishing and distribution of data in a centralized and possibly standardized way. Metadata is used to catalog and organize the provided data. The operationality and interoperability depends on the metadata quality. Quantifying the metadata quality can help to measure the efficiency of a repository and discover low quality metadata records which prevent the user from finding what he/she is looking for.
A range of metrics from the field of metadata quality assessment have been researched and implemented as part of the platform Metadata Census. A harvester component is used to continuously gather the metadata from open data repositories. The quality metrics are run on these metadata assigning scores for each quality aspect they are describing. The results are shown in a web interface enabling the user to explore the statistical outcome through different visualizations.
Albert Remke is managing director of the 52°North Initiative for Geospatial Open Source Software GmbH, head of research and development at the Esri Germany group of companies and lecturer at the Institute for Geoinformatics at Münster University. 52°North is an international R&D network with partners from research, industry and public administrations. Aim of this non-profit organization is to foster innovation in certain thematic fields by organizing a joint OSS software development process (www.52north.org).
Citizen Science & Open Data – a give-and-take [DOWNLOAD]
Citizen Science is about the participation of citizens in research activities. This involves all aspects of scientific processes, such as discussing research questions and methods, carrying out experiments, data acquisition and data analysis, and reviewing results. The main focus, however, is on participation in data acquisition, since this is where citizens can contribute their unique capabilities as a crowd of people. Many people means numerous ears and eyes, many specialized experts, diverse locations and a myriad of ideas and opinions. The combination with sensing devices such as smart phones, cars, or other equipment leads to a unique and open source of information, not only for scientific purposes.
The talk highlights the potential of citizen sensing in the fields of science, open innovation and open Government with special focus on the provision and usage of open data. It points out that providing this community with open data from other sources, such as public administrations and industries, fuels citizen science and creates additional value. The enviroCar project is an example for a citizen science platform, which enables citizens, scientists, public authorities and private businesses to gather car-borne sensor data and to collaborate on research questions in the field of sustainable mobility.
Abdul Saboor was born, raised and got his school level education from Pakistan. For higher education he moved to UK in 2004, he got my MSc in Computer Systems Engineering degree from UEL in 2006, and as well as an MBA degree for Coventry University in 2009. For PhD research degree Abdul Saboor moved to Berlin in 2012. Now he is working as a PhD research student for almost a year, his research interests are: Linked Open Data, Attribution of Data, Data Provenance, RDF, XML.
Attribution of Data [DOWNLOAD]
Attribution is the process of capturing the source where that data come from in order to ensure the data authenticity and it is analyzed that who produced that particular kind of data, e.g. person name, title, organization name, etc. The fundamental objective of attribution is to define the appropriate characterization of data that captures the source of generated dataset(s) and creation method of authors and or organization. Attribution is increasingly getting importance now a day when some information or data is transmitted or received from a particular location that must have some attributes which give some information about that like Metadata.
As of October 2012 Ines Schmidt is working as a communication specialist at Stromnetz Berlin GmbH, the electricity grid operator of the German capital. In her position she is responsible for creation, planning, realization and monitoring of the company’s communication measures, e.g. events, social media or stakeholder relations. She also contributed to the Stromnetz Berlin Open Data activities. She studied Business Administration in Jena (Germany) and Borlänge (Sweden). After her graduation at the University of Jena in 2008 (German degree: Diplom-Kauffrau) she started her professional career in the automotive industry.
Prof. Dr. Jörn von Lucke, born in 1971, studied business informatics at the University of Mannheim. He continued his doctoral studies and his postdoctoral studies in administrative sciences (Dr. rer. publ. and Privatdozent) at the German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer. He worked five years as a senior research fellow at the Research Institute for Public Administration, Speyer. The next two years he was employed at the Federal Office of Administration and the Federal Office for Information Technology in Cologne. In 2007 he moved to the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems (FOKUS) in Berlin. In 2009 he became professor for administrative and business informatics at the Zeppelin University gGmgH in Friedrichshafen. He is also the founding director of the Deutsche Telekom Institute for Connected Cities (TICC) and was involved in the broadband project T-City Friedrichshafen. His current fields of research are E-Government, Open Government, Open Government Data, Open Budget 2.0, Open Government Collaboration, Web 2.0, Portals and One-Stop Government.
Keynote: National Open Data Infrastructure
Crucial for a sustainable positioning of open government data on the administrative agenda is the establishment of a National Open Data Infrastructure (NODI), which provides for federal, state and local governments the infrastructural fundament. A separate legal basis would be necessary for it, too. In Brazil, this way for the development of open government data has already been marched by the federal government. In addition to a steering committee, four working groups deal with the infrastructural development. These meet regularly on the topics “Management and Law”, “Evaluation of previously published Data and Information Assets”, “Technology” and “Modeling, Metadata, Data, and Standards.” In the Steering Committee are sitting representatives from federal agencies, civil society and academia. Thanks to this orientation technical issues, the standardization and the development of ontologies have been given a high priority.
Responsible for all things data for the EUREKA Network, which supports collaborative R&D&I projects. Marek has worked on data tools ranging from geo-mapping to mashing all kinds of macro and micro data together.
Regional geo-mapping of R&D data
In this talk, I would like to describe a project that I led for the EUREKA Network (eurekanetwork.org) in 2011 – 2012. The project consisted of creating data at a regional level, and the project was made considerably more complex and less efficient due to the lack of a standardised open database at the European level matching region codes to the postcodes within them. I would like to outline the process of matching company postcodes in our database with the NUTS (Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics) standard regional reference codes, with a focus on the messy and imperfect aspects as well as the ways in which a few simple and open datasets could have avoided these and streamlined the whole of this particular data project.