Prof. Dr. Ina Schieferdecker, Head of the Competence Center MOTION, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ina Schieferdecker is heading the Competence Center Modelling and Testing for System and Service Solutions at Fraunhofer FOKUS Berlin and is Professor on Model-Driven Engineering and Quality Assurance at Freie Universität Berlin. She heads the ICT for Smart Cities Initiative at FOKUS and coordinates technically the Open Data portal for Berlin and for Germany.

 

Moderator: Henning Köhler,
Head of Corporate Communications at Fraunhofer FOKUS

Henning Köhler is Head of Corporate Communications at Fraunhofer FOKUS. After receiving his Diploma in Media and Communication Studies he worked for PR agencies and the Fraunhofer Institute for Digital Media Technologies, where he set up communication campaigns for several multimedia solutions, including the MP3 file format. Before joining Fraunhofer FOKUS, Henning Köhler worked for the Federal Ministry of the Interior, where he conducted public relations for eGovernment projects and for the German electronic ID card.

Dr. Malte Beyer-Katzenberger, EC DG CONNECT

Dr. Malte Beyer-Katzenberger studied law & political sciences at Trier and Aix-en-Provence universities and at the College of Europe, Bruges. He published research on EU constitutional law and theory and qualified for the bar in Germany. In November 2011, he joined the European Commission, DG CONNECT (previously DG INFSO) and is responsible desk officer for activities around open data, including monitoring the implementation of the 2003 PSI Directive in Member States. Previously, he was responsible also for the policy on open access to scientific information.

Opening Address, Dec. 5

In his opening address, Dr. Malte Beyer-Katzenberger will highlight the current planning of activities by the European Commission, in particular the discussions around the revision of the PSI Directive (Directive 2003/98/EC on the reuse of public sector information), the preparations for an EU Open Data Portal and related activities.

Dr. Philipp Müller, CSC

Dr. Philipp S. Mueller is business development director for the public sector at CSC and teaches strategy and leadership at the Business School (SMBS) of University of Salzburg. He received his PhD from Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich (LMU), after studying at Munich, Harvard, and Georgetown. He has published three books on questions of governance. His newest book Machiavelli.net – Strategy for our Open World (in German) has been well-received at the Frankfurt Book Fair and by the German press. He writes for major newspapers, the trade press and academic journals.

Keynote ” Open Statecraft: Openess  as a Means (not an End)”, Dec. 5

In the keynote, I reflect on how openness is becoming an important arrow in the strategic quiver for public sector decision makers and managers. Openness as a strategic approach (not an end in itself) allows public value creation in ways that would not have been possible 10 years ago, however, fostering open data ecosystems is not enough. Strategists will need to rethink organization, leadership, and technology application in order to fully realize the potential of open data.

Dr. Wolfgang Both, Senate of Berlin

Wolfgang Both is a communication engineer and for more than 15 years with the Berlin City Administration. In the Senate Department for Economics he keeps the contact with the media and ICT industry, supports innovation with public funding and initiates technological networks. Before that he was a researcher in an Institute of Optics and Electronics and worked for several years for the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. His recent topics are Open Government, mobile communication, WebServices/Internet of Service and security.

“One Year Open Data Portal Berlin – Status and Outlook”, Dec. 5

In Sept. 2011 the City of Berlin launched its Open Data portal. With a lot of experience we transfer now from the pilot phase to operation. To create a broad data stream to users an internal working group will design standards and rules for data publishing. Another topic is education of the staff.

Jan-Ole Beyer, Federal Ministry of the Interior

Jan-Ole Beyer is a Manager for Open Government and Open Government Data at the Federal Ministry of the Interior where he has been working since 2008. After receiving his degree in computer science (focusing on computer science and society) from the Technische Universität Berlin in 2006, Jan-Ole Beyer worked as a corporate consultant and project manager for the public sector.

“Open Government in Germany – status, strategy and actions”, Dec. 5

The Internet and the related information and communication technologies (ICT) create new forms of communication and collaboration: knowledge, ideas and decisions can be worked out together regardless of place and time. This development causes a social change that policy and administration will have to follow. In Germany, numerous decision-makers at the federal, state and local level, as well as representatives of civil society have set a greater opening up of politics and government as a goal. In 2010 the modernization project “Open Government” was initiated as part of the government program “Integrated and Transparent Administration”. Our first and main objective is to establish a cross-layer Open Government portal in consideration of federal structures. The basis for this was set in the middle of 2012 when the Federal Ministry of the Interior published the study “Open Government Data Deutschland”. Based on the prototype, which will go online in early 2013, the legal, organizational and technical issues raised in the study will be put to the test. Based on the study and its key points further steps will be worked out within the coming months. Besides the development of the portal working on legal issues (e.g. more uniform terms of use), promoting the topic within administration and society, as well as the standardizing metadata for use in a comprehensive portal.

Michael Hörz, Open Data Network

Michael Hörz is a Berlin-based freelance journalist who has been involved into open data for several years. He is member of the Open Data Network and has co-organized the Berlin Open Data Day. His work focuses on data, participation and internet culture. Michael Hörz has worked as an online editor for the Berlin daily Der Tagesspiegel and the public broadcaster Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg for six years altogether. He received his M.A. in Political Science from the University of Leipzig after studying in Mainz and Leipzig.

“Open Data in Local Journalism: An Excel file?”, Dec. 5

At the moment Michael Hörz is especially interested in municipal open data. Those data offer new accesses to stories and may better show citizens who is in charge of what. Instead of asking for single pieces of information, one requests whole data sets, thus being able to gain new insights out of them. As practice shows, there is still a long way to go until open data are a matter of course in municipal administrations. Most members of municipal administrations are not aware of the fact that people could demand such things as excel files, on the other hand the data provided on official city sites is still very poor.

Christian Jacob, Vattenfall Europe Netzservice

Christian Jacob (1980) works in the management board office and project management at Vattenfall Distribution (since 2009). He is project leader of the Open Data Project of the Distribution System Operator in Berlin, Vattenfall Europe Distribution Berlin GmbH. Within his assignment in the management board office he has carried out several projects, e. g. for Internet/Intranet and Digital Signage. From 2007-2008 he was a full-time project member in a company reorganization project within Vattenfall Germany and he was responsible for project coordination and the subproject Human Resources within Distribution. He started his career 2003 in the Order management/Controlling Distribution at Bewag AG in Berlin.

“Open Data – Transparency of the Distribution System Operator in Berlin”, Dec. 5

Vattenfall Distribution is the electric power Distribution System Operator in Berlin. Since 1884, when the first German public power grid was founded in Berlin, the grid operator has been at the heartbeat of technological and social development. Today, almost everything requires reliable electricity supply. Vattenfall Distribution stands for: “Distributing electricity for everyday life.” The energy turnaround is hotly debated in Germany and Europe. So as a partner for citizens and government, the grid operator has the need to support the discussion and to elevate transparency and promote innovation. With the open availability of our data we want to support everyone who wishes to inform himself whether politician, customer, citizen or press. That’s why Vattenfall Distribution has started a project for an Open Data pilot-platform with Fraunhofer FOKUS. Although we already publish technical und market relevant data we want easily accessible data applicable for upcoming needs.

Dr. Peter A. Hecker, GEOkomm e.V.

Dr. Peter A. Hecker studied agricultural sciences at the Technical University Munich-Weihenstephan and is holding a PhD in animal sciences from the University Stuttgart-Hohenheim. He successfully managed projects in the private and public sector and between 1985 and 1991 has expanded his management scope internationally to Costa Rica/Central America and Ivory Coast/West Africa. He served more than ten years as general manager in a consulting firm and was in 1996 appointed division director at BVVG mbH, a state-owned agency responsible for the administration and privatization of 4m ha state-owned farm and forest land in Eastern Germany. Since 2001 he is focused on the remote sensing and geomatics industry. In 2005 he became managing director of GEOkomm networks, an innovation network of companies and research units working on geomatics in Germany’s capital region. Since 2002 he is executive chairman of the Association of the GeoInformation Industry Berlin/Brandenburg.

“The Open Data Movement vs. Business Models – is this a Contradiction?”, Dec. 5

“Open Data” is frequently being mashed up with “Open Source” and sometimes even with “Freibier” (beer for everyone). Although “Open Data” is not “Open Government” there exists a significant relationship between them. Furthermore “Open Data” in the business world has to be seen under different premises than “Open Data” for citizens. The biggest share in public data is taken by geodata. A vast number of business models are based on public sector geodata. Due to the various restrictions on the way to get access to public data the industry has begun to set up their own databases and now increasingly available public geodata seem to endanger those business models. How can we avoid or even get out of this trap?

Dr. Albert Remke, 52north

Dr. Albert Remke is managing director of the 52°North Initiative for Geospatial Open Source Software GmbH, head of research and development at the Esri Germany group of companies and lecturer at the Institute for Geoinformatics at Münster University. 52°North is an international R&D network with partners from research, industry and public administrations. The aim of this non-profit organization is to foster innovation in certain thematic fields by organizing a joint OSS software development process.

“Open Geospatial Data”, Dec. 5

Open Geospatial Data – Is there something special about geospatial open data? How does the open data discussion relate to SDI initiatives? Can they learn and benefit from each other? Is there a difference between open data and open information? Does the geospatial data cloud solve any problems? Are the ‘linked’ and the ‘open’ just coincidental when talking about Linked Open Data? I look forward to discussing these and similar questions with the audience.

Prof. Dr. Felix Sasaki, W3C

Felix Sasaki joined the W3C in 2005 to work in the Internationalization Activity until March 2009. In 2012 he rejoined the W3C team as a fellow on behalf of DFKI (German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence). His main field of interest is the application of Web technologies for representation and processing of multilingual information.

“Linked Open Data @ W3C – Vocabularies, Working Groups, Usage Scenarios”, Dec. 5

The presentation will introduce activities related to Linked Open Data @ W3C. Technical new developments, e.g. the  standardization of the RDF 1.1. stack, will be touched upon briefly. The main focus will be working groups that develop use cases including linked open data. That ranges from eGovernment to multilingual applications.

Dr. Małgorzata Mochól, init AG

Dr. Małgorzata Mochól is a professional consultant at the ]init[ AG where she is in charge of Open Government and Linked Open Data themes trying to establish these subjects as important issues within the public sector. Before her employment at ]init[ she worked at the innovation department of T-Systems Multimedia Solution GmbH, where she headed linked data issues as well as semantic technologies and their applications in the enterprise context and business world. Before she moved in March 2010 into the business world she was a lecturer and researcher at the Freie Universität Berlin where she had spent over six years focusing on semantic technologies through her different roles in various German and European research projects and her teaching responsibilities. In January 2009 she completed her PhD in Computer Science, primarily focusing on the methodology for finding suitable ontology matching approaches. In 2003 she received her diploma in Computer Science at the Technical University Berlin (TUB). Before she moved to Germany she studied Computer Science at the Technical University in Gdansk.

“German environmental information in the LOD hemisphere”, Dec. 5

During the course of this year’s extensive evaluation of the German environmental portal (PortalU: www.portalu.de), potentials regarding the linking of metadata from millions of websites and core environmental data from 300 different public authorities were analysed. The analysis of open data readiness was conducted on semantic, technical, and organisational levels. The presentation focuses on the analysis process, the findings, and the main challenges facing the linking of environmental (meta)data to the Linked Open Data cloud.

Jan Schallaböck, Collaboratory

Jan Schallaböck is a lawyer working at Unabhängiges Landeszentrum für Datenschutz Schleswig-Holstein (ULD). His research interest are the interdependencies of law and technology, with a focus on those relevant for data protection. He is also vice convener of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 27/WG 5 – Identity management and privacy technologies. Prior to his work at ULD he has been involved with the UN-World Summit on the Information Society, and has received legal training at the German federal foreign office and at JBB Rechtsanwälte amongst others.

“Is there a need for Open Enterprise Data and a right of freedom of information towards companies?”, Dec. 5

Looking at the enormous amounts of information collected about consumers, enterprises are increasingly in a position of holding interesting sets of data, that could be equally relevant to society and research. Given the fact, that this information was initially collected from individuals, wouldn’t it be fair to give some of this back to society? The talk discusses the limits of trade secret protection and also touches upon the problem of re-identifiability and de-anonymisation of (aggregated) open data, which is equally relevant for Open Government data.

Maria Magdalena Theisen, Microsoft

Maria Magdalena Theisen is the Business Development Manager for CRM and ERP as well as Open Government for Public Sector at Microsoft Germany. She received her M.Sc. in Business Administration at Westfälische Wilhelms-University Münster.

“Open Data and Big Data”, Dec. 5

Over the past years, a major growth in Open Data can be observed. Cloud Computing is not only enabling the provisioning of open data, but also the usage of it. The session will focus on examples where cloud computing is enabling the provisioning and usage of Open Data.

Miquel Oliver, Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Prof. Oliver received the B.Sc. and Ph.D. degree from Universitat Politènica de Catalunya, in 1994 and 1999, respectively and made a postdoctoral stage in the Wireless Information Networks Laboratory at Rutgers University (USA). He also got in 2009 a three-year degree in Business Administration from the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, and was involved in GloColl executive Education at Harvard Business School in 2011. Between 2004 and 2005 he was also director of the Telecommunication School at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra where he moved in 2001. He is leading the multidisciplinary Networking and Strategies Research Group (NeTS), accredited as part of the TECNIO strategy of the regional government, gathering over 15 researchers from 8 countries. He is currently an Associated Professor at UPF and engaged with the government of the University as vice rector for Quality and Institutional Strategy. Prof. Oliver has authored over 60 technical papers, as well as edited three books, holds three patents, supervised eight PhD thesis, four more in progress, pushed for two spinoff projects and has contributed to several books.

“Dynamic Open Data platform to drive innovation in cities”, Dec. 5

The use of Open Data has been widely adopted by public administrations all along EU. Nowadays it is easy to find several portals offering data sets in an open way, following a range of data formats but mostly offering static data. This information is used to feed web sites from the same administrations, data aggregators and in some cases mobile apps developed whether for city management or citizenship use. The challenge for using dynamic data in these ecosystems has already started. Fresh data, coming from wireless sensor networks, traffic cameras, car counters, pollution sensors or weather stations adds a more compelling information to enrich the process of innovate in cities. The results of the Open Cities Challenge, with more than hundred apps most of them using dynamic and static open data proves the concept of open innovation in public sector as one successful area to improve citizen’s life.

Peter Parycek, Danube University Krems

Peter Parycek is Head of Centre for E-Governance at the Danube University Krems. He is responsible for development and coordination of academic programmes; managing national and international cooperations and projects with public and private partners; Research, project management and consulting in the field of eGovernment and Open Government. His research interests are eDemocracy, eGovernance, Open Government and Open Data.

“OGD in Austria & DACH Region”, Dec. 5

Overview about the current OGD status quo in Austria. Insights about the coordination and standardisation governance structure and processes. Comparison of the DACH Metadata structures. OGD Austria & DACH Outlook 2013.

Dr. Edzard Höfig, Freie Universität Berlin

Edzard Höfig holds a computational engineering degree, as well as a PhD from the Technical University of Berlin. His research interests include distributed systems, component-based software architectures, model-driven engineering, linked open data, and sensor systems. Currently working as a Post-Doc with Freie Universität Berlin, he is studying approaches for the analysis and management of open data re-use.

“Towards Trustworthiness: Establishing Transparency with Open Information Flows”, Dec. 5

The public demand for opening up proprietary data silos can be heard loud and clear. The re-use of open data to foster next-generation applications for smarter cities and a more effective administration is quickly becoming a reality. We will soon be able to mix-and-mash data to our heart’s content and will be able to publish our conclusions for everyone else to use. But what do we know about the data that we will base such conclusions on? How can we tell if information is factual, or that some data set has not been tinkered with? How do we know if information is to be trusted? How much can we tell about the quality of information? In today’s public Internet these things are almost impossibly hard to determine. Take for example a book review: in most cases we cannot establish the reviewers identity or the context within which the review was done. We do not know, if the reviewer was paid to do it, if someone changed the review text afterwards, or if the text has been copied verbatim from somewhere else. We cannot even be sure that the reviewer is a human person. For all we know it could be a machine trying to influence search machine results. Of course, there are the “walled gardens” and – to stay with the analogy – within these we might trust the gardeners and the landlord to care for the proper shrubs and fruits, but with an open data approach anyone can basically plant anything. If it looks healthy and delicious other people will want to re-use it and propagate it further. In this light, we might be on our way to become a misinformation society.

Fortunately, open data prepares also the ground for one of the strongest tools against misinformation: transparency. By documenting changing versions of information we can make the flow of information explicit. By using public digital signatures, we can document the source of some information. By analysing collective information as open data we are able to find out the involvement of hidden third parties. Establishing transparency for open data re-use is a core research topic for our research at the FU Berlin and in this talk we will report on insights from the areas of data attribution, provenance, and privacy.

Tomáš Knap, Charles University, Prague

Tomas Knap is a PhD student at Department of Software Engineering at Charles University in Prague. His research focuses on Provenance, Trust, and Quality of Linked (Open) Data.

“Tracking Data Provenance of the Published (Linked) Open Data”, Dec. 5

Provenance records provide the necessary contextualization of the provided (linked) open data and enable the information consumers to estimate to which extend the data they use is trustworthy for the task at their hand. We introduce important provenance dimensions to be tracked on the web of open data and also briefly present how ODCleanStore — a tool for managing (linked) open data — processes data provenance.

Evanela Lapi, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Evanela Lapi is a Research Scientist at the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems (FOKUS). She has received a Master of Science Degree and a Diploma Degree, both in Computer Science. Her professional career spans over 12 years. In the last two years, she has been working in many Open Data projects concern with specification and development of platforms for publishing open data, both in Germany and at European level. Currently, she is Open Data work package lead at the EU OpenCities project, and team member of the Germany Open Government Data project. Prior to joining Fraunhofer FOKUS, she worked as Security Specialist at Oracle Germany.

“Building Sustainable Open Data Platforms”, Dec. 5

During the last years many Open Data portals has been launched and several Open Data software has been development. While Open Data and Open Data platforms enable the development of innovative services and applications and involve citizens’ participation, they challenge cities administration for continuous commitment. Addressing this gap, we share our experience and lessons learned from more than 2-years development and implementation of the FOKUS Open Data Platform (ODP). The FOKUS ODP is primarily developed within the EU Open Cities project and uses State of the Art tools and technologies for building Open Data city portals and creating / maintaining metadata catalogues.

Daniel Dietrich, Open Knowledge Foundation

Daniel Dietrich lives in Berlin and worked as a Research Associate at Technical University Berlin, Department of Internet and Society until end 2011. His academic work surrounds political science, computer science and communication science in Frankfurt and Berlin. Daniel Dietrich is author of several studies and papers on the topics of Open Government, Open Data, Transparency and Participation. He is working part-time for the Open Knowledge Foundation since 2009 and acts as Chairman of its German Chapter. He also helps to coordinate the Working Group on Open Government Data and co-organises and runs events across the open knowledge spectrum including OKCon, Open Government Data Camp and OKFestival. Daniel Dietrich is also co-founder of the Open Data Network and since 2011 Editor of the ePSI platform. More information can be found at www.ddie.me and on Twitter: @ddie.

“Open Budgets and Spendings”, Dec. 5

Budget and Spending data clearly represents a types of Public Sector Information with a great potential to improve transparency and accountability in Governments and public administration. Understanding how taxpayers money is spend can help to fight corruption and to improve government efficiency. Access to, and a better understanding of, budget data by the general public can lead to broader public engagement in government budgetary processes. This engagement can promote substantive improvements in governance. This talk provides an overview of international initiatives re-using open budget data, and discussed the challenges and remaining barriers.

Oliver Adamczak, IBM Germany

Dr. Oliver Adamczak leads the IBM Germany technical Big Data team. His competencies cover the complete Big Data space, from classical datawarehouse and BI to the latest hadoop based or streaming technologies. Dr. Adamczak’s specific interests are architecture concepts, integration and interaction of the various technologies as well as project methodology (e.g. V-Modell XT). Before Big Data he worked several years on data and application integration, master data management and data quality concepts. Dr. Adamczak has 15 years experience in real world data-related projects. He received a Ph.D. in computational chemistry from the Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

“Big Data for Smarter Cities, Dec. 5

Open Data shows a lot of the characteristics of Big Data. It is both structured and unstructured, static and dynamic, and the volume is growing excessively. Big Data techniques can be applied to facilitate storage, analysis and usage of Open Data. In addition to the static Open Data repositories provided by governments and public entities, a trend for providing and using dynamic data from sensors, web cams and so forth is emerging. Cities start projects to become smarter by utilising these data and provide better civic services, improved environmental conditions or higher attractivity to citizens and visitors. The session will provide an overview of Big Data technologies along with applications for Open Data and in the context of Smarter Cities.

Dr. Rufus Pollock, Open Knowledge Foundation

After graduating with a first in Mathematics (and a distinction in part III) from the University of Cambridge in 2004 Rufus Pollock was co-Founder and Director of the Open Knowledge Foundation, a Shuttleworth Foundation Fellow, an Associate of the Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law at the University of Cambridge and a fellow of the RSA. In parallel with his activities at the OKF, he has also worked as an academic in economist: in 2008 he obtained a PhD in Economics from the University of Cambridge and from 2007 to 2010 he was the Mead Fellow in Economics at Emmanuel College, University of Cambridge. He has worked extensively as a scholar and developer on the social, legal and technological issues related to the creation and sharing of knowledge and acted as an official adviser on open data to several governments.

“Open Data, Building the Ecosystem”, Dec. 6

Over the past few years, there has an explosive growth in open data with significant uptake in government, research and elsewhere. Open data has the potential to transform society, government and the economy, from how we travel to work to how we decide to vote. However, to be useful data (open or otherwise) needs to be used: it needs individuals and institutions to analyze it and to act on that analysis, it needs companies and communities to build apps and services with it, and it needs tools and processes developed to facilitate doing those activities.

The Open Knowledge Foundation has now been involved for nearly a decade in building tools and community to create, use and share open knowledge and data. In this presentation, Open Knowledge Foundation co-Founder Rufus Pollock will give an overview of some the open tools and projects the Foundation has been working on to enable better use of data including, CKAN, the DataHub, OpenSpending and the School of Data.

Prof. Esteve Almirall, ESADE

Esteve Almirall seved as Associated Professor in UPC (2004-2009) and he is currently appointed as a lecturer at ESADE Business School in Sant Cugat, Spain, and as associated professor at UPF. He teaches at PhD, Master, Executive and BS levels. His interests focus on Open Innovation, Innovation and AI tools that could foster innovation. Esteve also collaborates and is deeply involved with some NGO. Esteve Almirall holds a PhD in Management Sciences (ESADE), a MRes in Management Scienes, a MCIS and a DEA in Artificial Intelligence (UPC). Most of his career has been devoted to Information Technologies, especially in consulting, banking and finances where he worked for more than 20 years in executive and board level positions in IS, Organization and Marketing. As an entrepreneur he actively participated and founded several start-ups and new ventures in the field. Moreover, Esteve has an MBA, a PDD from IESE and a Diploma in Marketing from UC Berkeley. Esteve Almirall has also worked as a researcher in Computer Science (UPC) and in Business (IESE and Esade) while being active in consulting. He participated and coordinated a number of research projects around Innovation, Collaborative Environments, Social Networking and Recommender Systems.

“Reinventing Cities – Open Innovation in the Public Sector”, Dec. 6

Today more than ever we assist to a world driven by innovation, it is no longer the case of doing better the same things but doing different things or doing them differently. The Public Sector has been historically lagging in innovation but now IT is opening new opportunities for transforming governance and redefining the interaction with citizens in the Public Sector. Open Data has been the best well known of these mechanisms, allowing third parties to create and provide services by providing them with the basic bricks to build them: data, however it is not the only one and in order to take advantage of it we need much more than just opening the data, we need to redefine the way the Public Sector is managed.

Julia Kloiber, Open Knowledge Foundation

Julia Kloiber is currently a Project Manager for the Open Knowledge Foundation (OKFN) in Berlin. After her Bachelor of Arts in Information Design at University of Applied Sciences Joanneum in Graz/Austria she received her masters degree in New Media and Digital Culture from the Utrecht University, Netherlands. Julia Kloiber wrote her master’s thesis about Open Governmant Data, the title being „Open Governmant Data – Between political transparency and business development“ [original title in German: „Open Government Data – Zwischen politischer Transparenz und Wirtschaftsförderung“]. Previous to her job at the OKFN she worked in political campaigning and multimedia production (PLATOON Cultural Development Berlin, Netzpolitik,org).

“Open Transport Data – Pioneers, Apps and How To”, Dec. 6

Public Transport is one of the most relevant fields for citizens within open data. Nevertheless very little cities open up their transport data. What are the reasons for so little participation? Which cities are the pioneers and what are the use cases for open transport data? Besides this questions I want to discuss the example of OpenVBB (Berlin) and present a little tool kit to advice activists in how to open up their cities transport data.

Alexander Pilz, Verkehrverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB)

Since 2009, Alexander Pilz is Head of the Passenger Information Department of the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB) where he has worked as an engineer since 1997. He is in charge of the app and web-based travel planner, timetable data management, production processes for printed timetable information, policies for passenger information design as well as collaboration in national and European R&D projects.

“The VBB approach – open data and cooperation with third parties”, Dec. 6

“The VBB Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg is the public transport authority covering the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg – the capital area of Germany. VBB create a high-quality public transport is a common public transport authority. The main tasks are the co-ordination of the services of around 40 public transport companies and their better connections, the introduction and development of a common fare system and the improvement and quality control of public transport services. VBB operates the official public transport travel planner “VBB-Fahrinfo” of both Federal States and offers various functionalities on the internet and services for mobile devices (www.VBB.de ) and has already integrated realtime and offers barrier free information.

Alexandra Millonig, Austrian Institute of Technology

Alexandra Millonig, born in 1972, finished her urban planning course at the Vienna University of Technology in 2005. Her Master’s Thesis “Pedestrian Orientation Behaviour” received an award by the Austrian Association for Research on Road-Rail-Transport (FSV). Since 2005 she has been working as a researcher at the Dynamic Transportation Systems team of AIT Mobility where Alexandra focuses on pedestrian orientation and navigation behaviour, group-specific behaviour patterns and influencing factors as well as the user-oriented design of transport information systems. From 2007 until 2009 Alexandra was moreover working as a project assistant for the research group cartography at VUT where she is currently finishing her PhD thesis on pedestrian typologies. Both at AIT Mobility and VUT Alexandra gained extensive experience in the conceptual design, implementation and management of research projects. She was appointed FEMTech Expert of the Month June 2010 as she became visible as dedicated expert within the research domain “mobility”.

“The potential of Open Data for Considering User Aspects in Mobility Research”, Dec. 6

The rapid development and increasing social integration of new technologies have significant impact on the spatio-temporal behaviour and the mobility patterns of people. Improved communication systems, anytime/anywhere available real-time information and new driving systems provide a variety of promising opportunities for establishing future-oriented ways to organise and optimise transportation systems and fostering “green” and sustainable mobility styles. In transportation research, these developments provide important challenges as well as eminent chances. For tapping the full potential of new sustainable transportation concepts, the increased consideration of user aspects is therefore crucial, especially for understanding the behaviour determinants of road users of different kinds (using different transport modes) and types (habits based on experiences, attitudes and physical-mental characteristics). In this respect, open data offers a richer source of information to foster sustainable mobility in two ways: (1) for researchers and developers in order to better understand the mobility needs of different user groups, and (2) for users in order to obtain valuable and customised information promoting behavioural changes. Against this background, the contribution starts with discussing the general importance of considering user aspects in mobility research on the basis of three dimensions of user integration (“identify – involve – inspire”). Subsequently, the talk will focus on the role and potential of open data providing information concerning user aspects for enabling sustainable mobility concepts (e.g. e-mobility), as well as possible limitations regarding the completeness, validity and reliability of open data. The contribution concludes with a summary of the chances and risks of open data in the context of mobility behaviour research and open issues to be addressed in future.

Peter Hanečák, OpenData.sk

Peter Hanečák was born in 1976. He was studying Software Engineering at FEI STU in Bratislava. In 1995 started programming for a living, later on becoming independent contractor providing software development, analytic and consulting services. Since roughly 1997 joined ranks of enthusiastic users and supporters of Free and Open Source software in general and Linux in particular. The interest in FOSS led him in 2010 also to the topic of Open Data concluding that with participation in OpenData.sk (a working group of civil society Utopia) starting in 2011. Peter is also member of Society for open information technologies. His main non-IT interest is hiking and trekking in high mountains.

“Open Data and Open Government Partnership in Slovakia”, Dec. 6

Slovakia became a member of OGP in September 2011 when (by then) Prime Minister Iveta Radičová signed the international Open Government Partnership Initiative. That was then followed by Slovak OGP Action Plan presented in April 2012 in Brazil. Slovak Open Data community cooperates with the Plenipotentiary of the Government of the Slovak Government for the Development of the Civil Society on bringing this plan into practice. The OGP in particular and Open Data in general is being adopted in parallel on national level (driven mainly by the OGP plan) and municipal level (driven mainly by demand from citizens and NGOs, sometimes even municipalities themselves). Our initiative is active on both levels, working with various representatives with various stances towards this topics.

Ivonne Jansen-Dings, Waag Society

Ivonne Jansen-Dings is working as an open data project manager at Waag Society. Ivonne has collaborated on many projects and challenges involving Open Data, like Apps for the Netherlands, Arts Holland and Open Cities. Currently she is running the second iteration of the Apps for Amsterdam competition, bringing civil servants, developers, startups and academia together to create apps using the cities open data.

“Apps for Amsterdam and Code for Europe: Orchestrating Collaboration with Coders and Citizens”, Dec. 6

The Apps for Amsterdam competition and the Code for Europe initiative help government find new ways to collaborate with developers and citizens. To stimulate the use of Open Data and to demonstrate the possibilities of applications based on Open Data, Apps for Amsterdam was born. The contest was modeled after the Apps for Democracy contest in Washington (US). Participants can win prizes to further develop their applications and make them suitable for a large audience. Set up as a fellowship program Code for Europe allows cities to make use of the capacity and skills of data technologists, and shows them how citizens are best able to contribute to new city services. Ivonne Jansen-Dings from Waag Society in Amsterdam will elaborate on these ideas and implementation. She will show best practices and tools that can help bring together programmers and city authorities to create a new ecosystem which results in a range of new digital applications for citizens.

Lena-Sophie Müller, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Lena-Sophie Müller studied political science in Sydney (Australia) and Potsdam where she received her degree in 2009. Since 2008 she is a scientist at the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication System (FOKUS) in Berlin at the Competence Center Electronic Government and Applications. Here she has been part of numerous e-government projects with industry and public administration, recently focusing on the trend of Open Government. Since 2010 Lena-Sophie Müller is also responsible for the Center for Interoperability at the Fraunhofer Institute FOKUS.

“Open Government is more than Open Data”, Dec. 6

Technological innovation leads to the fact that working methods and expectations of society are changing. These  changes are also relevant for the political administrative system – and they are observable. Studies show that many practices of governments and administrations are perceived by their recipients as not transparent enough. In the context of governments and administrations, this demand for openness is being discussed under the heading of open government. Linked to this is a variety of aspects such as transparency through open data, participation realized by the use of modern ICT and collaboration through co-production. However, most decision makers in government and administration focus on publishing of data via open data portals in order to enhance data transparency and data re-use. But the mission of Open Government goes further and includes participatory and collaborative processes, as well as continuous discourse to identify social needs and requirements quickly and consider them in state action.

Florian Marienfeld, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Florian Marienfeld studied Electrical Engineering and Computational Sciences the Technical University Berlin. In 2010 he received his Master’s degree and started working for the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems. Here his main focus has been trust in networked environments and Open Data. He is co-author of the Open Data Studies of Berlin and Germany, and key developer of daten.berlin.de and the Open Government Platform for Germany.

Tutorial: “Providing Data for the Open Data Platform for Germany”, Dec. 6

Germany’s designated Open Government Portal will host datasets from many administrative levels (Bund/Länder/Kommunen), and many domains (geo, environment, statistics, …). To allow stakeholders from all these backgrounds to feed their metadata into the central catalog, various methods are implemented, and they all converge to the Open Government Metadata Schema. This tutorial will explain details of the metadata scheme with concrete examples and it will cover the ways to transfer your metadata to the central portal: Harvesting via CSW and CKAN, using the CKAN API and using the portals form solution.

Drs. Wart Mandersloot, TNO

Drs. Wart Mandersloot is Business Line Manager for Urban Environmental Quality, innovation area Urban Development, at TNO. He graduated in Physics and in Chemistry at the University of Utrecht. Started his career at Shell International, moved after 10 years to Dutch space industry as Division manager in the fields of earth observation- and international space station- projects. Twelve years ago he joined the TNO organization in the sector of high end equipment. After 4 years he moved within TNO to the sector of the Built Environment. Urban Environmental Quality supports the societal demand for a high quality of the urban living environment with innovative tools and knowledge of local measures and interventions so that the cities offer a clean, safe and healthy way.

“The potential of Open Data for improving urban sustainability”, Dec. 6

Recently profound changes have occurred in the way urban interventions of any kind are dealt with. Urban planning has recognized the value of self-organisation and self-realisation, and moved from top-down, blueprint planning to facilitating and enabling bottom-up initiatives of urban stakeholders. With the effects of the economic crisis being increasingly felt in many European cities, new and combined value chains are quintessential to meet urban challenges. This requires understanding of incentives and obstacles for different stakeholders, of the societal and business value cases for different stakeholders inherent to options, and of the effectiveness of solutions in terms of contribution to sustainable, healthy, safe and vital cities. These developments ask for innovative governance approaches addressing urban sustainability in addition to a better developed evidence-basis. Effective governance arrangements for sustainable urban development aim to overcome the governance challenges by promoting ‘connectivity’ and ‘integration’ – aligning public and private responsibilities and interests; ensuring coordination in a fragmented public administration; connecting short-term and long-term goals; harmonise sustainability dimensions (‘triple P’); promoting a fair distribution of costs and benefits (in time and in space) and effectively utilising creativity of urban stakeholders. Effective governance arrangements also mobilize the knowledge and capital present in society. Data and ICT can support this new approach nowadays better than before for a number of reasons: Open Data standards and participatory sensing have made data gathering much more easy and data quality much better, and ICT developments as social media and gaming technology have fostered an intuitive, “real world” look and feel in tools and models. Gaming and visualisation can be powerful tools for learning and communication in an urban transformation context: they can help to capture the knowledge from different stakeholders, clarify preconditions, frame opportunities and barriers, and motivate stakeholders to deal with urban complexity.

Birgitte Kjærgaard, The City of Aarhus

Birgitte Kjærgaard is project manager of The Open Data Project in Aarhus. In 2009 she received her masters degree in corporate communication with political communication as main subject. Since 2008 she has been project manager at Aarhus Public Libraries in The City of Aarhus, primarily working with communication. Recently, she has focused on open source and open data projects.

“The Open Data project in Aarhus”, Dec. 6

Open Data Aarhus (ODAA) is a recently started project and is a part of the Smart Aarhus initia-tive (smartaarhus.dk) where the main objective is to make the digital agenda a focus area in Aarhus and the region. ODAA seeks to establish a data portal and make data available to the public through this portal. Both data from the municipality, organizations and SMEs. The data portal is currently running in a betaversion (ckan.odaa.dk). Opening up data is for Aarhus about transparency, but also about efficiency and innovation. We wish to create a greater in-novative use of data so new services, ideas and projects can arise. The project is a collaborative project with participation of The City of Aarhus, Central Denmark Region, The Alexandra Institute and Aarhus University.

Christian P. Hoffmann, University of St. Gallen

Christian P. Hoffmann is an assistant professor at the Institute of Media and Communi-cations Management (MCM), University of St. Gallen. He is a lecturer at the University of Ap-plied Sciences in Business Administration Zurich and research direct of a Swiss policy think tank. Christian studied business administration at the University of St. Gallen and the Australian Graduate School of Management as well as political science at the FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany. In 2007, he obtained his PhD with a dissertation on strategic success measurement in corporate communication. Since 2004, he has been participating in and leading research projects at the MCM Institute. His research interests cover public management, governance, political communi-cation, online communication and trust management. Christian teaches courses at the Bachelor, Master, and Executive Master level on topics such as corporate communication, online communi-cation, and financial communication. His publications have largely been in the areas of stake-holder management, governance, and e-government.

“Open Data and Social Media”, Dec. 6

The widespread use of social media as well as their more participatory communication culture is one contributing factor to the rise of open data. While more and more organizations employ social media in their external communication – some even for internal purposes –, many still hesitate to embrace the full potential of these new platforms and tools. The University of St. Gallen is currently conducting a research project on the facilitating and inhibiting influences on social media use in a public administration context. First results show that individual and organizational factors interact when organizations decide whether or not to give new media a chance. The project’s insights will contribute to our understanding of the implementation of future open data projects both in private and public sector organizations.

Prof. Dr. Simon M. Onywere, Kenya DAAD Scholars Association (KDSA)

Simon M. Onywere is an Associate Professor of Environmental Planning and Management and the Deputy Director, Research Capacity Building and Dissemination at the Institute of Research, Science and Technology, Kenyatta University. He is also Lecturers in the Department of Environmental Planning and Management, School of Environmental Studies in the same University. Before Joining Kenyatta University in 2001, he was the Head of the Department of Geography, Egerton University, Njoro, Kenya (1998-2001). He made his PhD in 1997 in Structural/Remote Sensing Geology from the University of Nairobi with postgraduate research support from University Science Engineering Partnerships in Africa (USHEPiA) to the University of Cape Town, South Africa at the Centre for Interactive Graphical Computing (Geological Science) where he partly worked on the Godwana GIS Database.

“The Kenya Open Data Incubator Project – Outreach to Research Community”, Dec. 6

Kenya Open Data Initiative (KODI) was launched by the World Bank and the Kenyan government in July 2011. KODI seeks to make data on demography, infrastructure, and public expenditure in Kenya accessible to the public. This is important not only to increase transparency and accountability, but also to facilitate efficient (data-driven) urban and regional planning and decision-making in the country. In terms of open data, Kenya is considered a frontrunner not only in Africa, but in fact among developing countries around the globe. Kenya’s rapid population growth and its impact on the environment dictate that the Government and other stakeholders re-invent themselves and support the use and sharing of data for decision making and for sustainable development.

The initiatives require varying degrees of partnership, at all levels of government, the private sector, and academia and the appreciation of the central role Geographic Information System (GIS) plays.

Nikolay Tcholtchev, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Nikolay Tcholtchev holds a master degree in Computer Science from the Technische Universität Berlin. Currently, Nikolay Tcholtchev pursues a PhD in the area of fault-tolerance and resilience in IP networks. Previously, he worked as a software engineer at Siemens ICM, Siemens Networks and eventually Nokia Siemens Networks, where he was involved in the evaluation, design, specification and implementation of process supporting tools for the telecommunications domain – code analysis tools, testing tools, code reviews, continuous integration, etc. His key expertise lies in the following fields: IPv6 testing, model-based testing with UML2.0 and TTCN-3, autonomic systems engineering, Future Internet (clean slate and evolutionary approaches), Smart Cities (Open Data), fault-tolerance and resilience in distributed systems, IP operations and management (network monitoring, fault management and configuration management), and testbed setups as well as experimental platforms for IP-based networks. In the area of Open Data, Nikolay Tcholtchev was involved in the development of the Open Data Platform of Fraunhofer FOKUS. In addition, he is one of the co-authors of the “Open Government Data Deutschland” survey that was worked out on behalf of the Federal Ministry of the Interior (Bundesministerium des Innern). He is currently engaged in a number of Open Data projects including the development of a german-wide platform for Open Government Data.

Tutorial: “A Practical View on the Open Data Platform of Fraunhofer FOKUS: Deployment, Operation and Further Development”, Dec. 6

In the scope of various national and international projects, Fraunhofer FOKUS has developed a platform for the sharing of Open Data, which is meant to facilitate the introduction and adoption of Open Data concepts throughout the society. This Open Data Platform is also available as open source on the GitHub code repository. That way, Fraunhofer FOKUS invites the community to use the platform as a freely available solution, and to participate in the process of continuously improving the emerging software. The participation is given by using the platform and reporting issues that were encountered in the course of its operation, or by actively contributing with new code and bug fixes. In order to ease the use and the contribution from the community, the tutorial provides a practical view on the Open Data Platform of Fraunhofer FOKUS by presenting on the way it is deployed and installed, and on our experience of operating a number of its instances in the course of international projects. Finally, we will have a look at our internal development processes and will outline planned ways to improve the quality of the Open Data Platform of Fraunhofer FOKUS.

Prof. Nigel Shadbolt, University of Southampton, UK

Nigel Shadbolt is Professor of Artificial Intelligence and Head of the Web and Internet Science Group, Electronics and Computer Science, University of Southampton. With over 400 publications he has researched on topics ranging from cognitive psychology to computational neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence to the Semantic Web. He was one of the originators of the interdisciplinary field of Web Science and is a Director of the Web Science Trust, and of the Web Foundation – both organisations have a common commitment to advance our understanding of the Web and promote the Web’s positive impact on society.

In 2009 the Prime Minister appointed him and Sir Tim Berners-Lee as Information Advisors to transform access to Public Sector Information. This work led to the highly acclaimed data.gov.uk site that now provides a portal to over 9000 datasets. In May 2010 he was asked by the UK Coalition Government to join the Public Sector Transparency Board – this oversees Open Data releases across the public sector. In April 2011 he became Chair of the UK Government’s midata programme – which seeks to empower consumers by releasing their data back to them. He is Chairman and Co-founder of the Open Data Institute, based in Shoreditch, London. He was also a founder and Chief Technology Officer of ID protection company Garlik Ltd. In 2008 Garlik was awarded Technology Pioneer status by the Davos World Economic Forum and won the prestigious UK national BT Flagship IT Award. In December 2011 Garlik was acquired by Experian Ltd.

“Finding the value in Open Data”, Dec. 6

This talk will review the history of Open Government Data in the UK, the various lessons learnt and how they provide insight for other open data programmes. In particular it will discuss the various types of value generated and the challenges in quantifying that value. It will describe the mission of the recently launched Open Data Institute – a key feature of which is the proposition that the continuing supply of high quality open data is best secured by creating a healthy demand side.

Susa Pop, Public Art Lab

Susa Pop is a curator and EU culture manager. As a co-founder and director of Public Art Lab she has curated and produced several public communication platforms that cross territorial borders and link the disciplines of urbanism, science, media art and creative industries. The aspects of participation, community development and intercultural exchange are mutual to most of her projects: Mobile Museums (2004), Mobile Studios (2006), Media Facades Festival Berlin (2008) and Europe (2010) to just name a few. In 2011 Public Art Lab organised the Innovation Forum Urban Screens, a workshop series and conference funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research which as a result led to the publication Urban Media Cultures (avedition, 2012) and eventually motivated the newly founded Urban Media Network. The same year Susa Pop and her team together with 14 partners launched the Urban Media Network for Connecting Cities (2012 – 2016, EU Culture Programme 2007-13). Susa Pop is a frequent speaker at international conferences and has curated at LOOP Festival Barcelona and Farbfest Bauhaus Dessau.

“(In)Visible Cities”, Dec. 6

Our cities are increasingly pervaded by sensor networks that continuously collect, store and process data about our urban environment – on the city’s energy and water consumption, weather conditions, traffic and communication flows to only name a few. The talk „(In) Visible Cities“ deals with the method of making visible such data from our digital urban nervous system. Susa Pop will present a selection of outstanding artistic projects that develop urban scenarios by interpreting and eventually visualising open data on media facades and urban screens. Those thus become visualisation zones that evoke a novel awareness for a particular place.

Open Panel

Moderator: Lena-Sophie Müller, Fraunhofer FOKUS

“Open Data in and by the Private Sector”, Dec. 6

Information mastery has been for long time and is still one pillar for successful business. However, masteries are broken by the community – like with Open Street Maps, Open Sea Maps or Wikimedia. New masteries are built up – like with Google or with Amazon. Open data movement is likewise reshaping the information society. New forms of cooperation between public and private sector emerge, new businesses are enabled by opening data to anyone for any use at no fees. This panel is discussing the open data movement from different business perspectives. The panellists are asked to raise recommendation for actions to the industry in support or use of open data offers – be it e.g. jurisdictional change needed, business change proposed, new services or tools required. Issues along reshaping businesses in view of breaking information masteries will be discussed.

The panel is organized by predetermined and rotating panellist: the audience can join the panel on a free, yet unassigned seat in round robin time slots.

Demonstrations

Florian Marienfeld, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Florian Marienfeld studied Electrical Engineering and Computational Sciences the Technical University Berlin. In 2010 he received his Master’s degree and started working for the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems. Here his main focus has been trust in networked environments and Open Data. He is co-author of the Open Data Studies of Berlin and Germany, and key developer of daten.berlin.de and the Open Government Platform for Germany.

Demonstration: “Preview on the Open Government Platform for Germany”, Dec. 5

On behalf of the German Ministry of Interior, FOKUS is developing the prototype of Germany’s Open Government Platform that focusses initially on open data. The demonstration shows first features of the platform: the data catalogue (also called registry) and the information library (also called information pool). The catalogue contains information about the German open data artefacts and services , i.e. those that downloadable or have an endpoint link, that provide well-defined terms of use and that offer a description of the content. In the initial setup, open data offers from German countries like Bavaria or Hamburg and from domain-specific portals like GDI-DE, Destatis and PortalU. The catalogue can easily be searched and filtered. The information library provides a comprehensive list of documents coping with open government in Germany. It can be browsed by categories and tags. This prototype will go live March 2013.

Robert Kleinfeld, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Robert Kleinfeld studied Computer Science in Media at the Hochschule für Technik, Wirtschaft und Kultur Leipzig. He received his M.Sc. in Computer Science in Media in 2007. Since 2008 Robert Kleinfeld is research engineer at the Competence Center Future Applications and Media (FAME) of the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communications Systems in Berlin. Robert Kleinfeld is project manager with broad experience in leading and managing technical projects with international teams. His main research areas comprise the modeling of service collaboration and interaction with service oriented computing environments and the mobile Web. Robert Kleinfeld has been involved in multiple national and international projects (PADGETS – Policy Gadgets Mashing Underlying Group Knowledge, MeCenter, MANGO – Mobile Applications and Networks to Go) within the area of service oriented architectures, mobile computing, social media computing and technologies for future Web applications. Furthermore, Robert Kleinfeld is involved into teaching activities of OKS at the Technical University Berlin.

Demonstration: “PADGETS (Policy Gadgets Mashing Underlying Group Knowledge in Web 2.0 Media) – eParticipation Platform”, Dec. 5

PADGETS is a three-year project co-funded by the European Commission. The objective of PADGETS is to implement a prototype service for policy makers that utilizes social media technologies and techniques to boost public engagement, enable cross-platform publishing, content tracking and provide decision support. Through the PADGETS platform, policy makers are capable of disseminating their policy messages through multiple social media simultaneously, using a single integrated interface. They are able to reach large user groups in these platforms and collect their feedback, by keeping track of and analyzing users’ reactions to the policy message.

Thomas Scheel, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Thomas Scheel received his B.Sc. in Computer Science from the Erfurt University of Applied Sciences in 2008. Since 2010 he is working as a research assistant at the Competence Center Electronic Government and Applications (ELAN) of the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems in Berlin (FOKUS). As such he had supported FOKUS participation in several national and international research projects, including the Open Data projects like Open Daten Berlin, Open Cities and ENGAGE.

Demonstration: “ENGAGE – Linked Open Data for Science and Citizens”, Dec. 5

The demonstrator is the first prototype of the Open Data platform for research communities and public administrations developed in the ENGAGE project on Infrastructure for Open, Linked Governmental Data Provision towards Research Communities and Citizens. The main goal of the ENGAGE project is the deployment and use of an advanced service infrastructure incorporating distributed and diverse public sector information resources as well as data curation, semantic annotation and visualization tools which is capable of supporting scientific collaboration and governance related research from multi-disciplinary scientific communities, while also enabling the deployment of open governmental data to citizens.

Majid Salehi Ghamsari, Fraunhofer FOKUS

Majid Salehi Ghamsari studied Computer Sciences at Technical University Berlin. In 1995 he received his Master’s degree and started working for the Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems. Here his main focus has been on developing systems for secure and cooperative eGovernment solutions.

Demonstration: “Open Government”, Dec. 5

Open Government enables citizens to participate actively in political decision processes. The demonstrator shows how such participation can look like in practice. Starting from a city’s web portal that support the citizen’s life events a citizen can identify and report important public concerns. He/she can participate in the definition of the participatory budget to solve these concerns and even offer some money to finance an appropriate public project.

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